NOla's CANNABINOID WELLNESS EXPERTS
SPECIALIZING IN ADVANCED HEMP DERIVATIVES!
Welcome to the Crescent City's Cannabinoid capital! Through modern advances scientists have identified over 100 cannabinoids — all of which can be bred in hemp plants (except of course THC). Hemp and cannabis are the same plant, separated by a few percentage points of THC, arbitrarily determined by government regulations. According to Section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill, “The term industrial hemp means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.” So as long as the delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content is below 0.3 percent, that plant is legally hemp and can be sold as hemp. This leaves a plethora that can be sold legally all over the country: and we've got them all!
What is CBN?
CBN stands for cannabinol. CBN was the first naturally occurring cannabinoid to be isolated in its pure form back in 1896. People originally thought it was responsible for the cannabis high, but later found out that tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) produces for the intoxicating effects of cannabis. It was discovered that CBN is actually an oxidation product of THC; that is, THC will slowly turn into CBN when exposed to heat and light.
Old cannabis or cannabis extracts left unrefrigerated or in the light will have higher levels of CBN. Levels of CBN in cannabis are not controlled by genetic factors, but by environmental factors. Currently, there are no high CBN strains available on the market, so the optimal way to obtain it is by oxidizing THC and CBD.
CBN on its own does not produce intoxicating effects, however, to the best of our knowledge, the effects of this cannabinoid have not been fully researched in human subjects. THC produces its effects on the body by interacting with the cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which are located in the central nervous system and throughout the body. Specifically, it produces the high by binding to the CB1 receptors and activating them.
CBN binds to CB1 receptors as well, but with only around one-tenth the strength of THC. Cannabis medicines are able to treat a variety of conditions using a “strength in numbers” approach, because cannabis has a lot of components in it. These small components influence the major components in what's known as the entourage effect. While many strains available in a dispensary have high levels of THC, each strain produces a different high due to the differing levels of other cannabinoids and terpenes, collectively the entourage.
What is cbg?
While CBG has fascinating medicinal properties of its own, what really makes CBG unique is its ability to mutate into THC, CBD, or cannabichromene (CBC) under the right conditions.
Generally, CBG and its precursor cannabigerolic acid (CBGa) do not stay around for long in hemp plants because they are very quick to combine with THCa synthase, CBDa synthase, or CBCa synthase to become THC, CBD, or CBC. However, some cannabis plants contain a genetic mutation which stops their cannabinoid processing at CBG, allowing for the breeding of CBG-rich plants.
The medical benefits of THC and CBD have been well-documented, but the benefits of isolated CBG are less studied. Still, recent scientific studies have suggested that CBG can help protect against brain deterioration, can help stimulate the appetite, and has anti-inflammatory properties.
What is Delta-8 THC?
Delta-8 THC (Δ8-THC) is a natural cannabinoid with psychotropic properties derived from hemp. There are over 100 cannabinoids, but the two most popular are THC and CBD. Though commonly referred to as one cannabinoid, there are actually four types of THC: THCA, THCV, Δ8-THC and Delta-9 THC (Δ9-THC). More commonly referred to as THC, Δ9-THC is the main psychotropic compound in the cannabis plant, although Δ8-THC has similar effects.
Δ8-THC is created when Δ9-THC goes through an oxidation process, but less than 1% of Δ8-THC is found in dried cannabis flower. Since it occurs in low concentrations, a specialized extraction, isolation, conversion and refinement method is used to produce Δ8-THC hemp extract. Δ8-THC binds to the CB1 and CB2 receptors which are located in the central nervous system, similar to THC.
However, the difference between these two cannabinoids is where the bonds are contained on a molecular chain. Δ8-THC and Δ9-THC both contain double bonds in their molecular chain, but Δ8-THC contains its bond on the 8th carbon chain while Δ9-THC's bond is on the 9th carbon chain. This small difference actually causes notable contrasts in how the endocannabinoid’s receptors bind and even respond to the molecule.
Δ8-THC is considered to be a psychotropic compound, which means that it has the ability to alter one’s mood, behavior, or perception. Research on the effects of Δ8-THC have shown the compound can help reduce anxiety, calm the body's reaction to stress, improve mood and motivation, increase appetite, and also assist with aches and pains. Users reported psychotropic feelings of calm and an improvement in mood.